Ketotic Hypoglycemia is a condition that in broader terms refers to the low blood sugar accompanied with ketotis, however, it is more specifically used to describe a condition that affects young children in the form of regular episodes of low blood sugar and ketosis at the same time. Ketosis is basically an increase in the ketone levels in the body which are usually used for producing energy. Ketone levels usually are not high in the body and their increase is considered an anomaly that often occurs in diabetics and as a result of the depletion of glyceton levels from the liver. Often referred to as the mysterious disease, the causes of ketotic hypoglycemia are hardly known in the medical community.
It often occurs in children under the age of four years. Usually, the condition is manifested in the morning when a child wakes up after they had not had anything to eat for a period that is longer than what they have been used to.The symptoms are either neurologic manifestations and include lethargy, fatigue and malaise. In severe cases, the condition can lead to unresponsiveness and seizures. Other symptoms include but are not limited to abdominal pain, and nausea and could lead in some extreme cases to vomiting.
While those conditions can be terrifying for parents, as they learn about the issue and notice the recurrent symptoms they will be able to easily identify a case of ketotic hypoglycemia as they see it. It is important to note that this condition is not necessarily very severe and in often cases giving the child some carbohydrates and allowing for some sleep time should restore the situation. In more severe cases, it important to check with a doctor to make sure that the children are not suffering from more serious problems.
Usually, parents will check with a pediatric or a family doctor to properly make a diagnosis. Most commonly, they diagnose the condition by measuring the levels of insulin produced by the body, hormone growth and lactic acid levels during the episode of hypoglycemia. Once properly diagnosed the conditions can be treated by simple procedures such as increasing the amount of carbohydrates that the child eats and assigning a proper dieting program if the child is under weight. With those precautionary measures taken properly, ketotic hypoglycemia becomes much easier to control and manage and hence its occurrence become less severe and frequent.